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Traumatic Brain Injuries


New York Traumatic Brain Injury Lawyers

Traumatic brain injuries, or TBIs, can range from minor concussions to severe, life-threatening emergencies. The brain is one of the most vital parts of the human body and one of the most fragile. Some TBIs result in permanent brain damage, which can drastically alter the victim’s life.

If you suffered a TBI caused by someone else’s negligence or misconduct, you could pursue compensation for your injuries and other associated expenses. TBI victims often face steep medical costs, particularly for severe injuries. You might require rehabilitative care, including physical, speech, and occupational therapy. If you can’t work while recovering from your TBI, you could quickly find yourself in deep medical debt.

If you did not cause your injury, you should not be on the hook for any of the financial expenses you incurred. You could hold the at-fault party accountable for their negligence through a brain injury claim.

Pursuing a successful brain injury claim takes an enormous amount of time and effort, as well as an intimate knowledge of personal injury law in New York. You should consider hiring an attorney to represent you to have the best chance of success. The New York brain injury lawyers of Harris Keenan & Goldfarb have the knowledge and resources to help you build a strong case for financial relief. Contact us today for a consultation where we can discuss your rights and evaluate your legal options. 

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Brain Injury Statistics

According to the CDC, more than 64,000 people died from TBIs in 2020 the United States. For perspective, that’s approximately 176 TBI-related deaths every single day. 

While anyone can sustain a TBI, the CDC states that some groups are more prone to dying or experiencing long-term complications from a TBI. These include people who live in rural regions, racial and ethnic minorities, individuals experiencing homelessness, current and past members of the military, survivors of intimate partner abuse, and individuals imprisoned in correctional facilities. 

According to CDC data from 2019, there were 223,135 TBI-related hospitalizations that year. Individuals aged 75 and older had the highest hospitalizations and deaths due to TBIs. 

New York Traumatic Brain Injury Lawyer

Causes of Traumatic Brain Injuries

Many brain injuries are preventable. Sadly, human negligence often plays a role in TBI accidents. Some of the most common causes of brain injuries include:

Motor vehicle accidents.

Any collision involving a car, large truck, motorcycle, bicycle, or pedestrian can result in a TBI.

Slip and fall accidents.

Falls are a common cause of TBIs. Many people suffer brain injuries after falling in the shower, falling down stairs, or falling due to trip hazards. Young children and elderly individuals are particularly vulnerable to TBIs from falls. 

Workplace accidents.

People who work in hazardous environments, such as construction workers, often suffer injuries, including TBIs, due to their dangerous working conditions. 


Members of the military and demolition crew workers sometimes suffer TBIs due to explosive blasts. Penetrating brain injuries can also be caused by shrapnel and debris. 

Domestic assault and violence.

Violence and abuse, including child abuse, can lead to TBIs. If a firearm is used during an assault, a gunshot wound to the head and a penetrating brain injury could result. 

Whatever the scenario, most TBIs are caused by a violent blow to the head. The severity of the injury depends on numerous factors, including the force of the impact and the nature of the TBI. 

Types of Brain Injuries

There are numerous types of traumatic brain injuries, and they each differ in severity. Some of the most common types include:


Concussions are the most common type of TBI. Concussions impact the way your brain functions and can range from mild to serious. Minor concussions typically don’t require medical treatment, and a physician may simply recommend rest. More severe concussions, however, can cause lifelong issues and require ongoing treatment.

Cerebral contusions

Contusions often occur alongside concussions. Cerebral contusions are brain bruises. They often clear up on their own, but if they don’t, they could transform into a hematoma. If there is a large amount of blood or clotting, surgical intervention may be required.

Penetrating brain injuries

Penetrating TBIs occur when an object penetrates the skull and brain. 

Intracranial hematomas

An intracranial hematoma occurs when blood pools inside the skull. As blood collects between the skull and the brain, it can put pressure on the brain. TBI victims who suffer intracranial hematomas often require emergency medical care. It is a potentially life-threatening condition. 

Brain hemorrhages

Brain hemorrhages involve uncontrolled bleeding in or around the brain. Hemorrhages can occur if a blood vessel ruptures due to a brain injury. Brain hemorrhages must be treated right away before they cause further complications. 

Diffuse axonal injuries.

Diffuse axonal injuries are a very serious type of TBI. They typically occur when axons inside the brain are torn due to the brain shifting around inside the skull.

Depending on the force of the impact and the nature of the injury, TBIs can completely alter a person’s life. If you sustained a brain injury and someone else’s negligence was to blame, then you have a legal right to pursue compensation for your losses. 

Compensation for Traumatic Brain Injuries

If you sustained a traumatic brain injury caused by another person’s carelessness, you could pursue financial relief for losses you incurred because of the accident. Every TBI case is distinct, but the more severe your losses, the more compensation you should be entitled to recover. 

Some of the most common types of losses for which you could be compensated in a brain injury case include:

Present and future medical expenses, including emergency medical care, hospital bills, doctor’s visits, medical equipment, in-home medical care, surgeries, prescription medications, imaging tests, and any other costs related to treating your injuries

Rehabilitative care, including physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy.

Lost wages, if you had to miss work while you were recovering from your injuries.

Loss of consortium.

Reduced future earning capacity, if your TBI resulted in a temporary or permanent disability that prevents you from performing the same job you did before the accident or requires you to be placed on light duty.

Other financial expenses

Physical and emotional pain and suffering, mental trauma, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Loss of quality of life.

Other non-financial losses

Depending on the circumstances of your case, you could also be eligible to recover punitive damages after a TBI. Juries do not often award punitive damages because the standard of proof is higher than for economic and non-economic damages. To receive punitive damages in New York, you must be able to show that the defendant acted willfully or wantonly with disregard for others or that they acted with malicious intent. Punitive damages are not designed to reimburse you for losses but to punish the defendant for their behavior and deter them from engaging in similar behavior in the future. 

An experienced New York traumatic brain injury attorney can help you independently determine the overall value of your claim by tabulating your financial expenses and quantifying your non-financial losses. You should know how much your claim is worth before you begin settlement negotiations with the at-fault party’s insurance company. 

Statute of Limitations for Brain Injury Cases

The statute of limitations allows a three-year window to file a lawsuit for personal injury cases in New York. If you sustained a TBI and someone else was to blame for your injury, you would have three years to take legal action against the negligent party. Your case doesn’t need to be resolved within this period, but you must file a lawsuit before the statutory deadline expires if you hope to pursue compensation through the legal system. 

Most personal injury cases settle before they ever reach the trial stage, but if settlement negotiations with the insurance company fall through, you’ll want to ensure there’s still time to file a lawsuit. If you don’t take legal action within the allotted time frame, you won’t be able to recover compensation through the courts, with a few exceptions. 

Failing to file a complaint within the statutory time period could also hurt your bargaining power with the insurance company. If the insurance adjuster knows that you can’t threaten to sue them, they might not feel compelled to offer a fair amount. 

New York Traumatic Brain Injury Lawyer

Why Choose Us? 

Harris Keenan & Goldfarb has extensive experience working with brain injury victims. Due to the serious nature of many TBI cases, not to mention the enormous financial strain such an injury can place on you and your family, we will work tirelessly to help you pursue the maximum possible compensation. 

When you hire a TBI lawyer from Harris Keenan & Goldfarb, you will get the following: 

Experienced representation.

Since 1996, we have been serving injured clients in New York. We are intimately familiar with New York’s personal injury laws and civil procedure and can offer you sound legal advice throughout the claims or litigation process. 

Responsive attorneys.

Our lawyers are good communicators and are always available to discuss your case via phone, text, or email. When you have a question about your case or want an update on our progress, you can expect a prompt reply. 

Personalized attention.

Each of our clients gets the individualized attention they deserve. You will never be just a number at our firm. 

A track record of success.

Our firm has established a strong reputation as one of New York’s premier personal injury law firms. Even our competitors agree. We have secured tens of millions of dollars in compensation for our injured clients since our founding. 

If you have suffered a serious brain injury, you need a seasoned attorney to advocate for your interests and protect your rights in court. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Below, you’ll find answers to some of the most common questions we get at Harris Keenan & Goldfarb. 

To bring a successful TBI claim, you will need to establish negligence. That means that you must show someone who should have taken greater care to prevent you from being harmed didn’t do so. Their actions were careless and led to the accident. Then you’ll need to show that the accident led to your injuries. Then you’ll have to show that you suffered genuine, compensable losses as a result of your injury. When you can prove all those things, you will have demonstrated that the at-fault party’s negligent behavior caused your injury and losses.

Some TBI claims settle very quickly, particularly if you can make a strong case with the insurance company. TBI cases that end up going to trial can take longer, but every case is different and has a unique set of circumstances that may influence the case timeline. 

The basic stages of most personal injury cases include: 

  • Investigation – Your attorney, if you hire one, will conduct an independent investigation into the accident and gather evidence to support your version of events. 
  • Demand letter – Your attorney will draft a carefully worded demand letter to the at-fault party’s insurance company. 
  • Settlement negotiations – Your lawyer will negotiate a settlement with the insurance adjuster who is assigned to your case. Many personal injury cases settle before a lawsuit is ever filed. 
  • File a complaint – If the insurance company refuses to negotiate in good faith or won’t accept liability, your attorney could file a personal injury lawsuit on your behalf. 
  • Discovery – During discovery, the legal teams representing the plaintiff and the defendant request any evidence that the other side has gathered during their investigation. 
  • Mediation – In mediation, a neutral third party (the mediator) will attempt to help the two opposing parties reach an agreeable settlement. If the two parties still can’t agree on a settlement amount, the case will proceed to trial. 
  • Trial – During the trial, the plaintiff and the defense will present their cases before a judge and possibly a jury. The judge or jury will render a verdict. If you successfully prove your case and they rule in your favor, you’ll obtain compensation for your losses. 

Because litigation can be time-consuming and costly, many personal injury lawsuits are settled either during mediation or before a verdict is issued by the jury. 

Contact a New York Brain Injury Attorney from Harris Keenan & Goldfarb Today

If you suffered a TBI because of someone else’s carelessness or misconduct, contact a New York traumatic brain injury lawyer from Harris Keenan & Goldfarb today to discuss your case. We understand how traumatic it can be to suffer a TBI and how a brain injury can upend every aspect of your life, from your finances to your career and relationships. We are committed to helping those who suffer TBIs through no fault of their own seek the compensation they need to get their lives back together. 

Call us today at 800-724-6529 for a free consultation. You can also fill out our intake form, and a member of our team will call you.


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